Keren Battle field

Zula Archeological Site

Eritrea travel would never be complete without visiting the Zula archeological and Adulis sites. Zula is a small town on the western coast of the Gulf of Zula; it lies on the right bank of the River Aligede and 40 kilometers south of Massawa, a major city. Zula is an important base town for the nearby archeological site of Adulis, and it was an emporium and port of Axum.

Apart from its archeological importance, Zula can also be very useful for tourists visiting the Gulf of Zula. The coast of Zula on both sides of the River Aligede is lined with mangroves. The town itself is unique for its culture, which is predominantly African. It has its roots in the ancient culture of Adulis, influenced by Middle Eastern and colonial and western influences of Italy, France, and England.

Some of the major tourist attractions in Eritrea, located near the town of Zula, are;

Archeological Site of Adulis

Zula Archeological owes much of its importance and international fame to the archeological site of Adulis. The geographical location of Adulis on the trade route of the Ancient Greek and Byzantine Empires made Adulis a busy seaport of the Aksumite empires from 80 BC to AD 825. Most of the ivory, incense, gold, enslaved people, and exotic animals from the Axumite Empire traveled through the port of Adulis to Greek, Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, and Egypt.

Zula is important not only for their trading links with the rest of the ancient world but scientists also believe that this was the route that anatomically modern human beings used to colonize the rest of the world. Some stone and obsidian tools excavated from this region are over 125,000 years old, which gives us an insight into our grand-grand ancestor from Old Stone Age or Paleolithic Period.

The Gulf of Zula

The Gulf of Zula is full of charming Eritrean beaches, and it is just 4-5 kilometers from the town of Zula. The gulf is famous for its pristine crystal clear waters and white sandy beaches and one of the world’s most beautiful the Dahlak Archipelago, a group of over 200 islands. The islands’ shallow and crystal clear water is scuba divers’ dreamscape. On the islands, you would find a large number of rare and beautiful nesting sea birds.

The Aligede River

The Aligede River is on the south side of Zula, and it flows between two large mountains, Jebel Gedem and Mount Arbalu, before making a delta and merging with the Gulf of Zula. Here, on the cost, it feeds mangroves and hundreds of beautifully colored fish and other sea life.

The Town of Foro

Foro is a small agricultural town where three rivers, the Haddas, Aligede, and Camaile, converge. The town is about 6 kilometers west of Zula. A visit to the town of Zula and Foro will help you better understand the rural life and culture of Eritrea and Africa. Like anywhere else in Eritrea, the people here are very cooperative and hospitable to tourists.

Traveling to Zula Archeological Site

You would need a special permit to travel outside Asmara. If you travel to Eritrea and are managed by a tour operator, they will arrange the travel permit. You may travel either by land cruiser or bus from Asmara to Massawa, then by road to Zula, or by yachts to the Gulf of Zula or Zula Archeological Site.

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